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tv   [untitled]    July 1, 2011 9:30am-10:00am EDT

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now i hear in moscow the russian foreign minister slams naysay reverence for the actions of the conflict torn arab world after meeting with his french counterpart. targeted by nato and warns about the hague in an exclusive interview with elsie colonel get down these some reveals his views on why libya is out of the war front al islam exists countries being targeted for its riches but says the people will fight to prevent libya from feeling under foreign control. reasons. to
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hand over its promise and bail out the pollen to peruse it deep spending cuts on a state outside. the measures that include radical tax increases were approved to slice three days of angry protests coming your way now last expose the life of some of it signs is already stuff of a man who invented a hydrogen bomb at the same time the soviet union's most famous does that it. december one thousand nine hundred eighty six in the u.s.s.r. as an apartment in the city of gorky a phone line is urgently installed at a set time the phone rings the voice of the other and speaks this is gorbachev
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please return and continue your patriotic activity. the person these words were dressed to the spent nearly the past seven years in political exile. it was the man who created the first hydrogen bomb and received a number of the state's top awards but he was also the most widely known soviet dissident constantly hounded by the k.g.b. and oppressed by the party's leadership the man who drew so much attention was andrei sakharov of his life was full of courage oxes. now known as the city of nice north good old key was closed to foreigners in the soviet times because it housed a number of secret defense facilities. urge you to come to your senses mr subtle as a person living among the soviet people you must surely see clearly what goals the
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communist party and our people are striving to achieve on behalf of the twenty five thousand employees of our taganrog machine factory we beg you to please come to your senses otherwise you shall lose every moral rights to carry the honorable title of a soviet citizen. a lady to talents of his or a child transit police officer in the mid 1980's his unit was ordered to tail sucker of especially when he was at the station saying. his wife elin and gone off to moscow. every officer had a specific task to carry else at all costs the overall task was to follow sokoloff and to ensure that no documents or anything else has passed on to him especially at the railway station and we were to ensure that he doesn't get to speak with any strangers written. during some of those exile to go to every facet of his life was closely monitored including his personal correspondence
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hundreds of letters of support for the right from abroad wayne deceptive by the k.g.b. although the settlers were always supplied with a notification that their mail had been delivered. via dr sun it has been so long since they have had any use of the well that we're very concerned about the health and the health of the wife illana owner when most anxious to hear from you and would greatly appreciate a response to this letter many people here in united states and in canada support and the principles for which you stand there is the cause of the k.g.b. made a list of persons to restrict so her of from communicating a certain people occasionally were sure that some of these people were acting under orders of western intelligence services to collect information on the status of the distant movement in the soviet union and the involvement of prominent public figures in the war with. sasha rove had around the clock surveillance
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team assigned to him local k.g. at least offer to pictures of his daily routine. this was so they could present to waste in the media as for human rights activists sacral was alive and well. sahar of could feel he was being closely monitored and he understood he would have to live with it for many years. in the house across the street there was a k.g.b. department who watched sacrifice every step additional surveillance was installed in the yard nearby there was a special transmitter the new to the signals of western radio stations. most soviet citizens were initially unaware of sacro side density he was the so-called secret i can demick these are some rain shots of the psychos taking a train ride to the town not smarts on any of the world's maps the nuclear research center artisanal sixteen this is where sector of work done is hydrogen bomb in the
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late one nine hundred forty s. . i worked very hard as i can see as it ought to be of extreme importance to mankind. there is a balance of nuclear owners betrand actually a great palace because that is exactly what scared cease that these arms really ever believed them. this is the footage from the detonation of the hydrogen bomb developed by under a subset of the us is saddam had managed to beat the united states in developing the terrifying weapon of mass destruction safronov became an academic innocent early thirty's it's one of the bomb tests resulted in two deaths a soldier on site and a little girl in a nearby village a lift a strong impression sucker of despite the positive outcome of the new jointer gone
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. back yet i've also heard of comparable they threw a small party in the test side to own a saucer of the main hero here with and he was allowed to open the evening or so he also proposed the first toast will show everyone you're her she says i'd like to drink all bombs exploding into science but clever over towns and cities when you go the news or world isn't going to. at that time some sort of became acquainted with this isn't historian roy yet if he was the first soviet author to write a book about the true personality of joseph stalin then you will be given for cycle of himself again as a discovery will find out about the gulags about that system of terror that was the foundation of our further cooperation is to his writing about politics some self and i brought him underground dissident populations in some. intellectual freedom is essential to human society freedom to obtain and distribute information freedom for open minded and fearless debate and freedom of pleasure by officialdom and
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prejudices such a trinity of freedom of thought is the only guarantee against people being contaminated by mass myths which in the hands of treacherous hypocrites and demagogues can be transformed into bloody dictatorship. in the west the essay was an instance success selling millions of copies to authorities response was swift satire of was banned from working in how does a man sixteen and moved to moscow there the academic attendant underground meetings and took part in discussions on controversial issues soon sachar of came under the close eye of the k.g.b. before they were killed back in those years they often resulted three designing the dissidents abroad birdsong or of was too prominent a figure. they also knew some state secrets those forces no one even considered him
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going abroad as an option. you recall with a well known soviet dissident he first heard sacral snail in the one nine hundred seventy s. while listening to radio broadcasts western radio signals were jammed by the soviet union the dissidents found ways around the static. it was possible to get rid of the radio jamming good. his navy receiver it was everywhere in the soviet union and with his help we could learn the truth of what was going on in our country and help us find out under a sucker of stores his essays and his activities at the age of. dissidents used to typewrite sacral essays they covertly posted them on the streets k.g.b. agents sworn a permanent lookout for them this battle against the grassroots movement raged for many years and if you look at the middle of it women flyers and wade posted the
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period of birth in residential areas and back streets and courtyards are flyers who said the truth and the british soccer of himself was saying and exposed the lives of the soviet press started to publish about her you know it about the country where it will. gradually human rights and privacy became sacrosanct main occupation to a large extent this helped him overcome the grief caused by the death of his first wife and succumbed to cancer. a few years later a satire of men in a corner at a dissident called trial. lawyer is an outstanding woman with a strong character and she had a serious influence over andrei so her of as you know he was very open and you can feel it is wife's actions did influence his behavior. in the one nine hundred eighty s. prominent soviet artists are gay baucher of volunteered to paint sacral support
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trait however the work remained unfinished he found the relationship in the center of family so intriguing that he wanted to include yellin and boehner because of her great influence over her husband but as we talked of to suck off i counted seven slaps on a gave him changes every time he didn't light. and then i started to draw her she was shocked even to draw me to and i said of course i will only draw you because you have a tremendous influence over you know if i show them a sketch she tried to rip it out of my hands and i actually had to run with it to save it from. one thought or. took to heart any attack on his wife the author of the next tori's soviet book cia versus u.s.s.r. who took the liberty of making an offensive reference to born a jew response from talk to sucker of and in public. on the summer of
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says first you should apologise to my washing public utterances less for you refused several came up to him and slapped him in the face although not to hold the man left the other end of the summer of gleefully sent a telegram to his relief i slapped him. december nineteen seventy nine afghanistan. after a special operations or move the leader of the tsunami soviet troops invaded afghanistan the soviet press would later kulis fulfilling international duty several didn't hold back in publicly condemning the action calling its immigration he would not be forgiven for his remarks. but if raised up to the chris nowinski bridge on her way to work a traffic police car suddenly blocks a way that driver could just surprised that the townsend walked to the policeman
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the whole of. the reaction from so close and it's a medical and. they showed they were actually cuts and said that they were from a tear in a district in fact look away from the tragedy of the driver experience they would tend to follow the car which is also from a cage mate worker which came to the prosecutor's office where prosecutor become closer to making it a fraudulent. awards for the competent authorities have decided that you should be exhausted this is your god. the outskirts of gorky in the new build area should have been key here under a some sort of and yelena bonner spent seven years of their lives together and during all that time there every step was monitored by the k.g.b. how many employees were watching several how many cassettes of gin civilians were shot and what reports were made it's all still
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a secret to this day. culture is that so much of a given to the huge visitor's arab powers and find that the mark was quite minor and stand off in libya is there a military solution to the conflict in libya and a stable democratic and whole of every creature. from welcomed to once it is a phone call. i know the one you are trying to share with us a deal under fire and fighting for his life gadhafi is son speaks to a posse. moscow a limited physical institute and the academy of sciences the employees of the institute were the only people allowed to visit sacro in the city of gorky. his colleagues kept in touch with him during the whole seven year exile despite the difficulties such actions could bring them under one hundred sucker of was in exile
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we did our best to preserve his office your rule nobody took his place at the table sign bearing his name was still hung on the door of the study there was a trash can in a side of the door and we separated by the wall at the side where you see. no official soviet establishment supposed to enforce the law has taken responsibility for the fact if i keep or taishan it is only up to a court to establish either someone's innocence or to determine the measure of punishment and a trauma and present my case is glaring unlawfulness. meanwhile in gold case all a sucker us and owners potential contacts were under k.g.b. surveillance. when the academic arrived in the city even the manager of the local pharmacy was specially instructed by the k.g.b. on how to behave should sacral suddenly show up for you a state security officer approached me shoot his id card and instructed me as to
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how i was to sort of sucker of only i was warned that if he happens to ask for permission to make a phone call i was to tell him they've already. in one thousand nine hundred eighty resident and or a smidgen of was just thirteen years old one day he learned there was a local man whose name was only mentioned in whispers and dre and his friends decided to go and find out who exactly sattar of wards. went to the fortune the first thing we saw was a man sitting at a table it turned out to be a policeman wearing civilian clothes. no idea where injuries or her have lived and his neighbors showed us the way from the elevator. we rushed from the elevators there was on the right we approached the door and i pressed the bell with no hesitation. in the door seconds later we learned it was here in a ball and you're going the woman gave us a look of surprise and we all stiffened raissa her of lived there she told us to
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come in and we did. it with. while sucker of was busy in his study and re-examine the whole flat he remembers to this day the living room with the radio sets of used to listen to western broadcasts and the kitchen with a remarkable table which the academic could manage to repair without nails than what he heard from sucker of a maze the boy much more. serious told us that one of the basic reasons for his exile was opposition to the war in afghanistan we knew about this war and were aware the thoughts of august were being killed when we were leaving we all still for a souvenir were served gave me and my friends of fail well postcard each here is my postcard i've kept it for thirty years now and they're written in briefly to andrey . in alders that k.g.b. can take it away from us with. an
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old two story mansion in the center of corky was the only place where andrei sakharov and yelena bonner could pay friendly calls the family of maria high nor skye elin his relatives lived in the building the high notes the family had a similar story they were also in exile to go to keep by the soviet or storage fees forty years before those events. since the one nine hundred eighty s. k.g.b. officers over the around the yard peering through the window to monitor several visits there were times when the academics ceased to believe there would ever be an end to his constant harassment. and they even found a place in the oracle where they wanted to be buried there is neither of them hope to get out of this town of exile. the tension was extreme.
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sure in his gorky exile sacro of went on hunger strike three times the first joined by unanimous on the. local doctors received an order it's a hospital i said. the incident was put on recalled by the k.g.b. . today said ward is still a local place of interest but the doctors don't like to comment on those events. the force feed in involved quite rough methods as andreessen proof later recalled they fastened his arms and legs to the bad plays a clip on his nose and four in your trisha's mixture into his mouth whenever he took a breath. in one thousand nine hundred eighty three sacro of managed to leak to the west a new work to be published there in response to soviet leadership started afresh bound to vote on persecution one of the central u.s.s.r.
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newspapers published an article composed by four soviet academics who choose to sack of instigating. against the soviet union mr sattar of if once you have the right to be called a comrade when the working class can no longer call you so the soviet workmen deplore your miserable attempts to tarnish the soviet reality and can damage your outspoken treasury. these abusive letters are actually very diverse but they have a similar structure working with although i didn't paragraphs denounces of their contents reveals that it was all staged they picked people of various ends of the soviet union and told them right sucker write this and don't mention this and that . meanwhile support for the exiled academic was growing in the west the square in front of the
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soviet embassy in washington saw so many demonstrations it was named satire of plaza have encouraged washington. new york to decide it before it would strip the russian print and renamed the street next to russian. united nations mission where mission is and needle part of a war it was renamed sucker of warner corner. as well in communist party has chosen mikhail gorbachev as his general secretary. in nineteen eighty five gorbachev started his policy of perestroika to bring down the i and curtis and soon after supper of receive that famous call from gorbachev i told him his seven year exile was over the still yes when he abnormality of the situation became clear
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everyone went on to discuss it i said so let's let's face the issue. i think we should get suckered back let him come back from exile and get to work because even at that time glasnost was already underway in a country where it would go. a week after gorbachev's phone calls sattar of return to moscow and was met by dozens of journalists sattar of had no idea what was in store for them the abstain from getting any political statements the first place he visited was is. a limited physical institute he went there to attend a scientific seminar but unlike seven years before he was not attained by the k.g.b. on his way led the rest of the first week of us to the seminar as usual on tuesday it was a seminar very much like the one that is being held here right now so no the seminar started and then came sucker of he intended to enter the whole noiselessly in order
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not to interrupt the seminar not to draw everyone's attention to himself something incredible happens i spotted him and burst into applause was that a word you're. soon center of was elected to the supreme council as a delegate from the academy of sciences was in june one thousand nine hundred ninety nine sacro found himself at the center risk candle that flared up in the first days of the session he had condemned the situation concerning a soviet troops in afghanistan you should know that on the war in afghanistan as a troy you have been a great wrong and it's of. you know it's not clear who should be held responsible for this great crime country. his statements were judged offensive by the offices who had foreseen that war themselves one of sufferance main opponents is may just said a gay child of an a peacekeeper
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a former paratrooper who lost both his legs in the war. will very shortly supply the provocative behavior of the strain assigned. today so again lives in kiev and he's head of the ukrainian war veterans group he still believes that sector of was to go it will interesting people who provided him with information including that on the situation in afghanistan. generally speaking apart from being a great physicist grew the sucker of was a very sincere and naive person he was easily deceived and believe everything he heard he was. counting his statements in a harsh manner i think he was simply just see for the people who surround it or as a political course of a young surrogate stressed a populist standpoint a month soviets in relation to the conflict in afghanistan those who supported
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secularist point of view were an absolute minority of the session but the debate so broadcast live across the country allowing the public to design it as a result sacrifice started to receive letters once again just like in the old days this time however the lessons have been much different tone to those that previously filled his mailbox during his doggy exile. dear dr sorrow please accept my deepest apologies for the so-called public humiliation i can't keep silent anymore after watching the session of the congress of people's deputies on t.v. did i realize how desperately we need jeff. on december fourteenth one thousand nine hundred eighty nine during a session of the congress sattar of gave an interview to catholic television the questions concerned the future of the senate a lot since test sides in kazakstan it was
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a place when you clear weapons had been designated for decades sachar of demanded that the site be closed because the people who lived in this vicinity were paying too high a price for those nuclear tests. yeah right that mankind will terminate a critical period of history when we can peters and inventing weapons of mass destruction it is a kind of examination and condescend to say that a test of the ability to survive a focus will shift. it was his last interview a few hours later satirise heart failed his friends the midterm team the previous day with deeply shocked. they had no one in science. thousands of people came to bid farewell to the academic sachar of. in his final
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year sucker of was drawn to a new constitution for the country. but died before it was finished. many of those who had read sachar of early articles and his political supporters and lost their chance of meeting him in person. while the high standards of goods and devotion to the cause of the people and so forth are set still needs to be fully understood. and that there were i'm sure the role is trailing the liberation of russia from doctrines or would be just three pre-shared of british avoided the fate of the.
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home. from. them.
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